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UN a unified approach to managing cross border digital data flows UN a unified approach to managing cross border digital data flows


UN: a unified approach to managing cross-border digital data flows is needed



Today, more than ever, a new approach to digital data management is needed so that as many people as possible around the world can benefit from it and have guarantees that their personal data is protected.

This is stated in the report of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Its authors believe that the new approach is intended to help maximize the benefits of technology development and ensure their equitable distribution. Experts call for a global exchange of digital data and recognition of it as a public good, which will significantly increase the importance of the digital economy and the credibility of doing business on the world wide web.

The new global system, according to experts, should prevent further fragmentation of the Internet, solve political problems arising from the dominance of leading digital platforms, and also reduce the scale of inequality in the global cloud.

“Today it is important to take a new path for digital and data governance,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres in his introduction to the report. “The current fragmented data landscape … is fraught with large privacy breaches, cyberattacks and other risks,” Guterres added.

New, more holistic management

Today, especially during a pandemic, digital data is playing an increasingly important role as an economic and strategic resource. For example, sharing health data helps countries develop the right strategies for dealing with disease outbreaks, and develop effective medicines and vaccines.

“The issue of digital governance cannot be postponed any longer,” said UNCTAD Director-General Rebeca Greenspan.

“The global data economy requires moving away from a fragmented approach to more holistic, coordinated global governance,” added UNCTAD Deputy Secretary-General Isabelle Durand.

New governing body

UNCTAD is proposing the creation of a new coordinating body with the mandate to assess and develop global digital and data governance. Its goal is to achieve a coordinated approach and greater equality on the world wide web.

Currently, data management strategies vary widely across countries and regions. This can be clearly seen in the example of the three leading players on the World Wide Web: the United States, China and the European Union (EU).

The United States is outsourcing everything to the private sector, the Chinese model is based on government oversight, while the EU supports an approach of individuals participating in cloud data management who respect fundamental human rights and societal values.

“The lack of a global data management system limits the ability of countries to benefit from the digital economy,” said Shamika Sirimann, UNCTAD Director of Technology and Logistics. She believes that such a fragmented approach does not guarantee the protection of people’s privacy, does not protect against the use of personal data without their knowledge.

The new approach will enable countries to better leverage advances in electronics for the benefit of society, harmonize rights and principles, develop standards, and enhance international cooperation.

Unfortunately, according to many experts, today the management of cross-border data flows has reached an impasse due to differences in views and approaches to this issue.

The data access gap

Many developing countries are only suppliers of “raw materials” – raw data for global digital platforms. Then the giants of the Internet process this data and sell them expensive finished products, created using their intelligence cheaply.

Today, only 20 percent of people in least developed countries use the Internet. At the same time, they have access to data with a low download speed and a relatively high price.

Today, the average mobile broadband speed in developed countries is about three times faster than in least developed countries. In rich countries, eight out of ten people shop online, while in many poor countries only one in ten people use these services.

Dominated by the USA and China

According to the UNCTAD report, the US and China are the leaders in the use of data. They account for 50 percent of the world’s hyperscale data centers and have the highest rates of 5G (fifth generation cellular) adoption in the world. These two countries have 70 percent of the world’s top AI researchers, 94 percent of all AI start-up funding, and about 90 percent of the market capitalization of the largest digital platforms. During the pandemic, the profits of these platforms skyrocketed.

Corporate growth

Experts admit that today it is increasingly difficult to consider the issue of managing cross-border data flows without taking into account the position of digital corporations that expand their own systems and control all stages of data creation and circulation.

The report says that major digital platforms such as Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Alphabet (Google), Facebook, Tencent and Alibaba are increasingly investing in all parts of the global data value chain.

For example, Amazon has invested about $ 10 billion in satellite broadband. Between 2016 and 2020, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google, and Microsoft were the top buyers of information innovation startups.

In the last quarter of 2020, four major platforms – Alibaba, Amazon, Google and Microsoft – accounted for 67 percent of global cloud infrastructure services revenues.

The findings of the report will be used for discussion during the 15th UNCTAD conference, which will be held online from 3 to 7 October.

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Hacker Hacked Fast Company’s Apple News Account and Spread Racist Messages



Hacker Hacked Fast Companys Apple News Account and Spread Racist

An unknown hacker was able to access the business publication Fast Company’s Apple News account and sent out a series of obscene and racist messages via push notifications. Subscribers are the victims.

Hacker Hacked Fast Company's Apple News Account and Spread Racist Messages

Fast Company confirmed the hack, and so did Apple. The incident is currently under investigation.

Fast Company’s Apple News account was hacked Tuesday night. After that, two push notifications with obscene and racist content were sent with a minute interval. The messages are disgusting and do not match Fast Company content. We are investigating the incident and have also paused feed updates and closed until we are confident the situation has been resolved.“, – noted in the publication.

Shortly before the shutdown, the hacker himself posted an entire article on the Fast Company website, where he described in detail how he managed to bypass the protection. It turned out that the accounts on the site were protected by the same password, this also applies to the account of the site administrator. Having gained access to them, the hacker was able to get to the authentication tokens and log in to Apple News.

At the same time, in addition to hooliganism, no financial losses or manipulations were recorded.

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Young hacker who leaked GTA 6 material denies his guilt



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The 17-year-old hacker, who was previously arrested in the UK on suspicion of hacking Rockstar Games and Uber, has pleaded not guilty. According to police, he appeared in court over the weekend, but refused to plead guilty to PC misuse. At the same time, he admitted that he violated the conditions of release on bail. Now he is being held in a juvenile detention center.

Young hacker who leaked GTA 6 material denies his guilt

According to investigators, the 17-year-old is part of the Lapsus$ hacker group and is behind the recent leak of videos and other details of the $2 billion GTA 6 game.

Earlier, a hacker under the nickname teapotuberhacker published an archive with video and source code from an early version of GTA 6, which has already gone viral. Take-Two tried to stop the spread of the leak, but it was only partially successful.

The hacker also said that it was he who attacked the Uber computer system, gaining access to correspondence, email addresses, and so on.

At the moment, the investigation is ongoing, so it is not yet clear how this story will end.

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Cloudflare introduces world’s first eSIM with better security than VPN



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Cloudflare has introduced a new solution that may be suitable for smartphone and mobile Internet users. We are talking about an eSIM card called Zero Trust SIM. Its peculiarity is that it provides an increased level of security, reducing the risk of number substitution.

Cloudflare introduces world's first eSIM with better security than VPN

In technical terms, we are talking about the transfer of DNS requests through the Cloudflare gateway, which allows you to protect them from interception and spoofing. Also promised is a check of all intermediate nodes through which the device accesses the Internet.

According to Cloudflare CTO John Graham-Cumming, Zero Trust SIM technology can outperform VPNs and other security systems as it provides cell-level protection.

Zero Trust SIM will launch first in the US, where only a virtual card for iOS and Android will be available at first. When activated, it will bind to a specific device and allow you to protect it. Physical maps are also expected in the future.

The company is also launching Zero Trust for Mobile Operators, an affiliate program for telecom operators that will enable them to offer subscriptions to the services and tools of the Zero Trust platform. In addition, a similar project is expected for the Internet of Things.

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