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The Spektr-RG and James Webb space telescopes will have a Chinese colleague. 888-kilogram ASO-S spacecraft will study the Sun

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In October 2022, China will launch its first spacecraft specifically designed to study processes occurring on the Sun. This was reported at the Zijinshan Observatory at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

The Spektr-RG and James Webb space telescopes will have a Chinese colleague.  888-kilogram ASO-S spacecraft will study the Sun

The launch of the 888-kilogram Advanced Space Solar Observatory (ASO-S) will take place from the Jiuquan Cosmodrome in Gansu Province in northwest China, the exact launch date is still unknown.

The observatory, whose purpose is to study the formation and relationship of the Sun’s magnetic field, solar flares and coronal mass ejections, will operate in a sun-synchronous orbit 720 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. The design service life is 4 years.

It is planned that after the launch of ASO-S, it will be possible to record in detail the “solar storm” of the 25th cycle of solar activity. The device will be able to generate up to 500 gigabytes of data per day, all scientific data collected by it and analysis software will be open and available to users around the world.

It is noted that thanks to the scientific data that can be collected using ASO-S, scientists in the future will be able to timely predict the occurrence of solar flares and their impact on people.

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Intel is dropping DirectX 9 hardware support on Xe and Arc GPUs. It will be replaced by an emulator that will work with DirectX 12

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Intel is dropping DirectX 9 hardware support on Xe and

Developers from Intel abandoned hardware support for the DirectX 9 graphics API in integrated GPUs based on the Xe architecture. We are talking about solutions that are part of the 12th generation Core processors. It was also abandoned in discrete graphics cards of the Arc line. However, support will still be implemented – through an emulator based on DirectX 12.

Intel is dropping DirectX 9 hardware support on Xe and

The system uses the open source Microsoft D3D9On12 library. It will communicate directly with the Intel graphics driver. At the same time, Microsoft claims that performance will be almost at the level of DirectX 9, and sometimes it will not be inferior to it at all.

This will allow you to run old games on systems with such video cards without fear of lack of backward compatibility and slow operation. After all, all the tasks of optimizing drivers will then be limited to working with DirectX 11 and DirectX 12. At the same time, you need to understand that D3D9On12 works at the software level, which will increase the load on the CPU and may lead to crashes in the games themselves.

It is not yet known whether Nvidia and AMD are planning to follow this path, but if it does, it could seriously affect fans of old games.

Previously, possible prices for A-series video cards were reported.

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Scientists: tyrannosaurs sacrificed their eyes for powerful jaws

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Scientists tyrannosaurs sacrificed their eyes for powerful jaws

Researchers from the University of Birmingham, using computer reconstruction of the skull of dinosaurs, showed that large predatory species, along with powerful jaws, acquired unusually shaped elongated eye sockets. The article was published in the journal Communications Biology.

Scientists: tyrannosaurs sacrificed their eyes for powerful jaws

Computer modeling of the skulls of about 500 different dinosaurs, including tyrannosaurs, showed that round eye sockets would induce high mechanical stress in the bones of carnivorous dinosaurs when bitten. To maintain the stability of the skull, having acquired powerful jaws, the slightly elongated shape of the eye sockets allowed the animals: elliptical, in the form of a keyhole or figure eight. In this case, the eyeball occupied only the upper part of the orbit. This resulted in a reduction in the size of the eyes relative to the skull. Otherwise, Tyrannosaurus rex eyes would have grown up to 30 cm in diameter and weighed almost 20 kg instead of the estimated 13 cm and 2 kg.

This problem, however, is relevant only for predatory owners of large skulls over a meter in length. The majority of herbivorous species and young carnivores have retained a round eye socket.

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NASA to launch yeast into space as part of the first phase of the Artemis lunar mission

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NASA to launch yeast into space as part of the

The BioSentinel cubesat will be launched from the Orion spacecraft as part of the Artemis I mission (the first leg of the American lunar mission), it will conduct a long biological experiment in deep space. This was reported to NASA.

NASA to launch yeast into space as part of the first phase of the Artemis lunar mission

There will be yeast inside the satellite. Since the biological mechanisms of yeast cells are similar to those of humans, this organic load will help scientists study the effect of cosmic radiation on living cells in the region of the Moon.

The main job of the BioSentinel mission is to monitor yeast vital signs to see how they behave when exposed to radiation from deep space. In particular, yeast cell growth and metabolic activity will be studied.

In addition, they also plan to send algae, plants and fungi into space. The Orion spacecraft will pass the Van Allen radiation belt, which is located outside of low Earth orbit. In such belts there are protons and electrons of the solar wind with a charge of about three MeV (megaelectronvolt). Van Allen radiation fields are usually located near planets that have a strong magnetic field. Thanks to the Van Allen belts, biological cargo will be able to experience the effects of cosmic radiation to the fullest.

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