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South Korean chip makers are being forced to choose between US technology and the Chinese market

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The Financial Times reports that South Korean semiconductor giants Samsung Electronics and SK Hynix are re-evaluating their investments in China in response to a “fence” in legislation that prevents recipients of US federal funding from expanding or upgrading their advanced chips in China for 10 years.

Competitors including Taiwan’s TSMC and US chip makers Intel and Micron, which have manufacturing facilities in China, are also being forced to ramp up US domestic production, making it difficult for Beijing to obtain advanced semiconductor technology.

Pressure is likely to intensify as US allies attempt to unite South Korea, Taiwan and Japan in a “Fab 4 Chip alliance” designed to coordinate research and development policies, grants and supply chains.

South Korean chipmakers, traditionally unwilling to take sides in the technological rivalry between the US and China, set the direction for the global semiconductor industry.

South Korean chip makers are being forced to choose between US technology and the Chinese market

Samsung and SK Hynix have increased investment in manufacturing facilities in the US, even though they remain heavily dependent on the Chinese market. South Korea exported $50 billion worth of chips to China last year, up 26% from 2020 and nearly 40% of the country’s total chip exports, according to the Korea International Trade Association.

But they rely almost entirely on a small number of American, Japanese and European chip designers and equipment manufacturers for the technology needed to produce advanced chips.

These companies include American chipmakers Cadence and Synopsis, Mentor Graphics, owned by Siemens, US equipment manufacturers Applied Materials and Lam Research, and ASML in the Netherlands, which makes the extreme ultraviolet lithography tools needed to manufacture modern memory chips. Neither Samsung nor SK Hynix, which specialize in memory chips, manufacture their most advanced solutions in China.

Former South Korean Commerce Minister Yeo Han-koo admits, “China has the market, the US has the technology. Without technology, there is no product. If there is no market, then at least you can try to find it elsewhere.

Dylan Patel, chief analyst at SemiAnalysis, said US defensive barriers will continue to matter as companies modernize or expand operations in China. SK Hynix and Samsung are likely to keep only their existing investments: “As a result, their share of production in China is likely to decline significantly over time.”

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NASA “landed” the unique Boeing 747SP SOFIA. For 8 years he watched the universe from the stratosphere

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NASA landed the unique Boeing 747SP SOFIA For 8 years

Since first flying in 2007, a Boeing 747SP tail number N747NA, modified by NASA into a large flying telescope, has been circling the stratosphere observing the universe in infrared (just like James Webb). But the work of SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) came to an end: on September 28, a unique aircraft completed its last flight.

NASA

The SOFIA project at one time proved to be an innovative way to look at the Universe in the infrared. Unlike ground-based telescopes, which find it difficult to “see” through the water vapor of the earth’s atmosphere, SOFIA observed space from a height of more than 12.5 km, which provided a better view compared to ground-based objects.

The SOFIA project started in 1996. The first flight with a 2.7 m telescope installed on board took place in 2010, but the device was fully operational only in 2014. From 2014 to 2019, the flying observatory completed its five-year mission, but the operation of the unique telescope was extended for another three years. All this time, SOFIA has been observing the Moon, planets, and stars. This telescope was able to detect water on the moon’s sunlit surface in 2020.

NASA

2022 has been a very productive year for SOFIA. According to FlightRadar24.com, the 44-year-old aircraft made 143 flights.

NASA

So, this year, the stratospheric observatory visited South America for the first time: within two weeks, the telescope was deployed in Chile to observe celestial objects that can only be seen in the latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere.

In July, during a storm in New Zealand, the aircraft received frontal damage due to the displacement of a ladder placed outside. After that, the aircraft returned to the base in Palmdale in California, but later performed several more flights. The project is closed due to the fact that its scientific productivity no longer justifies the operating costs.

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Nvidia, where are the normal prices for inexpensive video cards? In Europe, prices fell by half of the Radeon RX 6000 models and just two RTX 30 models

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Nvidia where are the normal prices for inexpensive video cards

Despite the fact that a few months ago the average prices for video cards were at the level of recommended values, individual models have room for cheaper prices and they are getting cheaper.

Nvidia, where are the normal prices for inexpensive video cards?  In Europe, prices fell by half of the Radeon RX 6000 models and just two RTX 30 models

In particular, affordable AMD models were actively getting cheaper in the first half of the year and now they are generally not getting cheaper, but the more expensive ones continue to fall.

RX6400 RX6500XT RX6600 RX6600XT RX6650XT RX6700 RX6700XT RX6750XT RX6800 RX6800XT RX6900XT RX6950XT
Minimum price on July 26, euro 169 189 279 374 399 439 469 559 659 749 869 1173
Minimum price for today, euro 169 199 269 375 359 429 469 497 589 679 769 899
GTX 1630 RTX 3050 RTX 3060 RTX 3060 Ti RTX 3070 RTX 3070 Ti RTX 3080 RTX 3080 Ti RTX 3090 RTX 3090 Ti
Minimum price on July 26, euro 175 309 379 469 569 669 779 999 1323 1449
Minimum price for today, euro 175 300 379 459 578 679 799 999 1050 1199

For example, as you can see, the Radeon RX 6950 XT, instead of 1173 euros a couple of months ago, now costs only 900 euros, and this is the most productive AMD card and, together with the GeForce RTX 3090 Ti, one of the most productive on the market in general. At least until the start of sales of the RTX 4090. At the same time, just a couple of months ago, the RX 6900 XT cost the same as the RX 6950 XT now, the RX 6800 XT, like the RX 6900 XT, and so on.

Things are not so good with Nvidia cards. Here, only two top models fell in price, however, both are very significant. The situation is worse with other adapters. For example, the popular RTX 3060 is now worth as much as the significantly more powerful RX 6650 XT, and the RTX 3080 Ti is 100 euros more expensive than the RX 6950 XT.

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There may be alien life. The Juno spacecraft flew just 417 km from the surface of Europa

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There may be alien life The Juno spacecraft flew just

The Juno spacecraft sent back new photos of Jupiter’s moon Europa. The new ones differ from the previous ones in that they were made during the flight of the apparatus over Europe at a distance of only about 350 km. For comparison, the ISS is above the Earth at an altitude of 417 km.

There may be alien life.  The Juno spacecraft flew just 417 km from the surface of Europa

It is not known how many photographs were taken in total, but if we talk about the closest approach, the device swept past Europe at a speed of 23.6 km / s, so it is unlikely that many photographs were taken during this time.

Now astronomers will be able to compare recent images with earlier ones and see if there are any changes on the surface of the satellite. Unlike many other bodies in the solar system, the surface of Europa can indeed change slightly over a fairly short period, since, according to current ideas, there is a huge ocean under the thick ice crust, and sometimes due to tidal forces, the ice can crack and move.

There may be alien life.  The Juno spacecraft flew just 417 km from the surface of Europa

In addition, scientists need as much data as possible about Europe, since in 2024 the Eupora Clipper should be launched – the first mission to this particular satellite of Jupiter, where, given the available data, there can be the most optimal conditions for the emergence and development of life.

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