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PCIe 6.0 is official: the SSDs of the future are going to fly

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Although it may seem that the industry has gone crazy, the reality is that the PCIe standards They are advancing at a blazing speed. This is all due to the delay with the release of PCIe 4.0, which took more than six years compared to PCIe 3.0. Thus, in 2019, it was announced PCIe 5.0, which is already available in the first motherboards with the 12th generation Intel. However, soon we will see motherboards with PCIe 6.0 for even better performance.

The advancement of PCIe standards is something that benefits all users. The higher its speed, the better the performance that the devices we connect can achieve, since the available bandwidth is higher. Thus, a graphics card can achieve higher performance, an SSD can be faster, and the processor and chipset can manage the connected devices with less power consumption.

PCIe 6.0: 256 GB / s on 16 lanes

PCIe 6.0 doubles the bandwidth of PCIe 5.0. The standard supports up to 64 GT / s, Which is equivalent to 256 GB / s in a configuration of 16 lines. To achieve that speed, the standard will make use of Pulse Amplitude Modulation with four levels, or PAM4as well as a new package management and flow control system.

pcie 6.0 bandwidth

As is often the case when a new PCIe standard, the PCI-SIG states that it will first come to computers located in data centers, which manage huge amounts of data every second. From there, it will permeate the devices for individuals. However, we will have to wait at least 2023 or 2024 to see the first Intel or AMD boards and processors to support the standard.

Currently, all graphics cards on the market are compatible with PCIe 4.0, and do not offer advantages when using PCIe 5.0. However, as it happened with 4.0 and 3.0, using a current card in a card with PCIe 3.0 can cause some other loss of performance due to bandwidth problems.

SSD drives would reach 25,000 MB / s

The only devices we find fully compatible with PCIe 5.0, and that manage to take advantage of this standard, are the SSD drives. Samsung, ADATA and other companies that manufacture storage devices have already demonstrated the spectacular performance that the PCIe 5.0 SSD units that will arrive this year will have, reaching figures of 13,000 MB / s, compared to the slightly more than 7,000 MB / s that are reached with PCIe 4.0.

Therefore, it would not be surprising if the first PCIe 6.0 SSD drives reach speeds of 25,000 MB / s, which is faster than the speed of DDR3 RAM almost a decade ago. Face to PCIe 7.0, we could find SSD drives as fast as the DDR4 RAM that most computers use today.

In short, it seems that the PCI-SIG it has been proposed to launch a new PCIe standard that doubles the bandwidth of the previous one every three years. PCIe 4.0 was announced in 2017 and the first boards to use it arrived in 2019. PCIe 5.0 was announced in 2019 and the first boards were released in late 2021. So with PCIe 2.0 being announced now, we should see the arrival of PCIe 4.0. first boards in late 2023 or early 2024. With regard to PCIe 7.0, we will have to wait at least until 2025 for its announcement.

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Wearables

Apple Declares 2013 and 2014 iMacs Obsolete and Watch Series 2 Smartwatches ‘Vintage’

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Apple Declares 2013 and 2014 iMacs Obsolete and Watch Series

Apple has added three models of iMacs to its list of obsolete products: a 21.5-inch screen from 2013, a 21.5-inch screen from 2014, and a 27-inch Retina 5K screen also from 2014.

Apple Declares 2013 and 2014 iMacs Obsolete and Watch Series 2 Smartwatches 'Vintage'

Apple typically deprecates products seven years after they were released, so it’s no surprise that the 2013 and 2014 iMacs are on the list.

As for smart watches Apple Watch Series 2, they are recognized as “vintage”. This category usually includes devices that have been released for five years. There may be problems with the official repair of the aforementioned iMacs.

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There are almost 1 billion 5G users. Ericsson report shows that operators often ask for more money for such tariffs.

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There are almost 1 billion 5G users Ericsson report shows

According to a report by Ericsson cited by The Verge, by the end of this year, the number of 5G subscribers in the world will reach 1 billion.

Of course, this is far from the performance of 4G networks, which are now used by about 5 billion people, but still this is a fairly significant part of the market.

There are almost 1 billion 5G users. Ericsson report shows that operators often ask for more money for such tariffs.

Of course, 5G adoption is far from uneven. In North America, about 35% of subscribers will use 5G networks by the end of this year.

At the same time, the report indicates that operators often ask for more money for the higher speeds offered by new networks. Dividing into corresponding tariffs is popular among operators in Western Europe, but overall, 25% of operators worldwide charge extra for 5G. And the average markup is 40%.

Ericsson believes that, unfortunately, this trend will continue for several more years, as operators need to compensate for the costs of developing a new network.

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Is Apple Helping the Chinese Government Fight Protests? The company cut the AirDrop function in the Middle Kingdom

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Is Apple Helping the Chinese Government Fight Protests The company

The history of protests in China is overgrown with new interesting details related to IT companies.

Is Apple Helping the Chinese Government Fight Protests?  The company cut the AirDrop function in the Middle Kingdom

Just weeks before the protests began, Apple reportedly made a major change to how AirDrop works, and only in China. After updating to iOS 16.1.1, AirDrop in the mode of receiving messages from everyone became possible only for 10 minutes, after which AirDrop simply turns off. In normal mode, AirDrop has no time limit, as there is none now and all over the world outside of China.

The fact is that AirDrop is one of the ways protesters communicate, and not only in China. AirDrop works locally in smartphone-to-smartphone mode, without relying on external networks, so it cannot simply be blocked or read data. But in this case, for some reason, Apple decided to seriously change the function, although it did not turn it off completely.

The CNBC resource also notes that the corresponding update was released a month after Chinese President Xi Jinping was re-elected for a third term.

Recall that Huawei smartphones have been noticed that they automatically delete videos that depict events related to protests in China.

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