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German authorities abandon Microsoft products in favor of open source German authorities abandon Microsoft products in favor of open source

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German authorities abandon Microsoft products in favor of open source software

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The first stage of migration with the replacement of the office suite will last until the end of 2026.

The authorities of the German region of Schleswig-Holstein are going to transfer government agencies from the office software (software) Microsoft Office to the free LibreOffice package, and then from the operating system (OS) Windows to Linux. This was reported on the website of The Document Foundation, a non-profit organization for the development of free office software.

In doing so, the government wants to reduce its dependence on proprietary software and, ultimately, completely abandon it. By the end of 2026, Microsoft Office should be replaced by LibreOffice on all 25,000 computers used by government officials and other employees (including teachers), and the Windows operating system should be replaced by GNU / Linux.

The necessary steps for this transition are indicated in the plan developed by the Parliament of Schleswig-Holstein (Germany). The region’s digital minister, Jan Philip Albrecht, explained that the open source transition plan has already been partially implemented and indicated that 90% of government conferencing is done using the Jitsi open source video conferencing platform.

“We’ve been testing LibreOffice in our IT department for two years, and our experience is clear: it works,” he said. “This also applies to, for example, editing annotated Microsoft Word documents.”

However, there are still some hurdles to overcome before widespread statewide deployment begins.

The state of Schleswig-Holstein will not have the same experience as Munich, which is known to have begun a full migration to its own Linux distribution, LiMux, despite intense lobbying efforts against the migration from Microsoft, Albrecht said. But plans changed dramatically in 2017, and the city announced its intention to ditch Linux in favor of Windows.

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Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically

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Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be

Specialists from the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said that they were able to develop a PACMAN attack technique, which is possible due to a hardware vulnerability in the Apple M1 processor. Moreover, it cannot be closed by software.

Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically

The attack itself is carried out using software and hardware, and it can be performed remotely. The PACMAN attack makes it possible to gain access to the kernel of the operating system. At the same time, potentially the same vulnerabilities can be in Qualcomm and Samsung processors, but this has not yet been confirmed.

The technical side of the attack is based on the Pointer Authentication function. It is used to check Pointer Authentication Codes (PACs), allowing only code-signed software to run. However, the PACMAN method allows you to select the necessary PAC values. In part, this technique is similar to Specter and Meltdown in Intel processors.

At the same time, Apple spokesman Scott Radcliffe said that the vulnerability does not pose an immediate threat to users and is not sufficient in itself to bypass operating system protections.

A few years ago, a vulnerability was already found in Arm processors that allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access to data.

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So much for Unisoc. Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems

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So much for Unisoc Companies have discovered a vulnerability in

Unisoc is actively capturing the market for single-chip systems, although it does so exclusively in the budget segment itself. However, it turned out that these platforms have a critical vulnerability.

So much for Unisoc.  Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems

According to the source, the problem is in the modem’s firmware and affects both 4G and 5G platforms. The vulnerability, numbered CVE-2022-20210, was discovered while scanning Non-Access Stratum (NAS) message handlers. This vulnerability could be used to neutralize or block the device’s cellular capabilities.

The vulnerability was first discovered in the Motorola Moto G20 smartphone based on the Unisoc T700 SoC. But in the end it turned out that the same vulnerability occurs in other platforms, however, the source did not provide a list.

The Check Point specialists who discovered the vulnerability notified Unisoc back in May, and the company has already released a fix, so smartphone owners should not worry now if they update the software of their devices.

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Security

New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

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New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

A serious vulnerability has been found in the Microsoft Office suite that could potentially allow attackers to execute arbitrary code.

New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

She was assigned the number CVE-2022-30190, and among the researchers they gave the name Follina. As noted in Kaspersky Lab, the most unpleasant thing is that there is no fix yet, and in the meantime, the vulnerability is already being actively exploited by attackers. Vulnerability CVE-2022-30190 threatens all operating systems of the Windows family, both regular and server.

While the update is being developed, experts recommend that all Windows users and administrators take advantage of temporary workarounds. As a Microsoft workaround recommends disable the MSDT URL protocol.

The CVE-2022-30190 vulnerability itself is contained in the Microsoft Windows Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT), but due to the implementation of this tool, a single malicious office document is enough to exploit the vulnerability.

The scheme could be like this. Attackers create a malicious office document and slip it to the victim, for example by sending an email with an attachment. The infected file contains a link to an HTML file that contains JavaScript code that executes malicious code on the command line via MSDT. As a result, attackers are able to install programs, view, modify or destroy data, as well as create new accounts – that is, do everything that the privileges of the user who opened the infected file allow.

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