Worried bank customers are withdrawing their funds en masse.
The National Bank of Pakistan underwent a cyberattack, which two sources of The Record described as “devastating”.
The incident, which took place on the night of November 29-30, 2021, affected the bank’s backend systems and servers used to connect the bank’s branches, the internal infrastructure that controls the ATM network, and the bank’s mobile applications.
While some systems were disabled due to the attack, the funds remained intact, according to bank officials and sources familiar with the investigation.
On November 30 and 31, experts were engaged in the restoration of the affected systems, and by Monday, November 1, more than 1,000 branches of the bank had opened and received customers as usual. Also, the operation of ATMs was fully restored throughout Pakistan.
Although the bank provided all the details of the attack, the news of the hack scared many customers who rushed to ATMs on Monday to withdraw their money. This fact, as well as inaccurate Pakistani media reports that the attacks were allegedly not one bank, but nine, forced the government to intervene and publish an official statement on the matter.
The incident is currently being investigated not as a ransomware attack, but as an attempt to sabotage, the sources said.
Security Researcher Rafay Baloch published on Twitter, a screenshot of a supposedly one of the attacked systems of the National Bank of Pakistan. Judging by the screenshot, Windows PC could not boot due to a missing boot config file error. The Record specialists managed to confirm the authenticity of the screenshots published by Balok.
Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically
Specialists from the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said that they were able to develop a PACMAN attack technique, which is possible due to a hardware vulnerability in the Apple M1 processor. Moreover, it cannot be closed by software.
The attack itself is carried out using software and hardware, and it can be performed remotely. The PACMAN attack makes it possible to gain access to the kernel of the operating system. At the same time, potentially the same vulnerabilities can be in Qualcomm and Samsung processors, but this has not yet been confirmed.
The technical side of the attack is based on the Pointer Authentication function. It is used to check Pointer Authentication Codes (PACs), allowing only code-signed software to run. However, the PACMAN method allows you to select the necessary PAC values. In part, this technique is similar to Specter and Meltdown in Intel processors.
At the same time, Apple spokesman Scott Radcliffe said that the vulnerability does not pose an immediate threat to users and is not sufficient in itself to bypass operating system protections.
A few years ago, a vulnerability was already found in Arm processors that allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access to data.
So much for Unisoc. Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems
Unisoc is actively capturing the market for single-chip systems, although it does so exclusively in the budget segment itself. However, it turned out that these platforms have a critical vulnerability.
According to the source, the problem is in the modem’s firmware and affects both 4G and 5G platforms. The vulnerability, numbered CVE-2022-20210, was discovered while scanning Non-Access Stratum (NAS) message handlers. This vulnerability could be used to neutralize or block the device’s cellular capabilities.
The vulnerability was first discovered in the Motorola Moto G20 smartphone based on the Unisoc T700 SoC. But in the end it turned out that the same vulnerability occurs in other platforms, however, the source did not provide a list.
The Check Point specialists who discovered the vulnerability notified Unisoc back in May, and the company has already released a fix, so smartphone owners should not worry now if they update the software of their devices.
New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers
A serious vulnerability has been found in the Microsoft Office suite that could potentially allow attackers to execute arbitrary code.
She was assigned the number CVE-2022-30190, and among the researchers they gave the name Follina. As noted in Kaspersky Lab, the most unpleasant thing is that there is no fix yet, and in the meantime, the vulnerability is already being actively exploited by attackers. Vulnerability CVE-2022-30190 threatens all operating systems of the Windows family, both regular and server.
While the update is being developed, experts recommend that all Windows users and administrators take advantage of temporary workarounds. As a Microsoft workaround recommends disable the MSDT URL protocol.
The CVE-2022-30190 vulnerability itself is contained in the Microsoft Windows Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT), but due to the implementation of this tool, a single malicious office document is enough to exploit the vulnerability.
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