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Security

China intends to check companies transferring data abroad

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The Chinese regulator proposed to oblige companies transferring data abroad to undergo security checks.

The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) has published draft guidelines requiring companies with more than 1 million users to undergo security checks before sending user data overseas.

According to Reuters, the guidelines will also apply to companies whose data is collected and generated by operators of “critical information infrastructure” or contains “sensitive” information.

Companies already sending personal data of more than 100 thousand users abroad or “sensitive” data of 10 thousand users (or intending to do so) will also be required to comply with the new requirements.

Public discussion of the project will last until November 28, 2021.

Recently, Beijing has tightened control over Chinese companies and the data they manage, including adopting new laws on data security and personal information protection. For example, in July of this year, CAC proposed requiring companies with more than 1 million users to undergo security checks before listing shares abroad.

Last month, China’s Ministry of Industry also released draft regulations aimed at strengthening the new data security law. In particular, the draft clarifies the terms “master data” and “important data”, for which transfer abroad it is necessary to obtain permission.

Last week, the CAC also detailed what documents organizations need to provide and set a timeline for passing security audits. For example, companies must be verified within 45 days, but in “difficult circumstances” this may take up to 60 days.

A successful security audit will have a two-year validity period, but factors such as “changes in the legal environment of the country or region where the foreign recipient is located” of the data may trigger a new audit.

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Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically

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Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be

Specialists from the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said that they were able to develop a PACMAN attack technique, which is possible due to a hardware vulnerability in the Apple M1 processor. Moreover, it cannot be closed by software.

Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically

The attack itself is carried out using software and hardware, and it can be performed remotely. The PACMAN attack makes it possible to gain access to the kernel of the operating system. At the same time, potentially the same vulnerabilities can be in Qualcomm and Samsung processors, but this has not yet been confirmed.

The technical side of the attack is based on the Pointer Authentication function. It is used to check Pointer Authentication Codes (PACs), allowing only code-signed software to run. However, the PACMAN method allows you to select the necessary PAC values. In part, this technique is similar to Specter and Meltdown in Intel processors.

At the same time, Apple spokesman Scott Radcliffe said that the vulnerability does not pose an immediate threat to users and is not sufficient in itself to bypass operating system protections.

A few years ago, a vulnerability was already found in Arm processors that allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access to data.

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Security

So much for Unisoc. Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems

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So much for Unisoc Companies have discovered a vulnerability in

Unisoc is actively capturing the market for single-chip systems, although it does so exclusively in the budget segment itself. However, it turned out that these platforms have a critical vulnerability.

So much for Unisoc.  Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems

According to the source, the problem is in the modem’s firmware and affects both 4G and 5G platforms. The vulnerability, numbered CVE-2022-20210, was discovered while scanning Non-Access Stratum (NAS) message handlers. This vulnerability could be used to neutralize or block the device’s cellular capabilities.

The vulnerability was first discovered in the Motorola Moto G20 smartphone based on the Unisoc T700 SoC. But in the end it turned out that the same vulnerability occurs in other platforms, however, the source did not provide a list.

The Check Point specialists who discovered the vulnerability notified Unisoc back in May, and the company has already released a fix, so smartphone owners should not worry now if they update the software of their devices.

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Security

New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

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New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

A serious vulnerability has been found in the Microsoft Office suite that could potentially allow attackers to execute arbitrary code.

New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers

She was assigned the number CVE-2022-30190, and among the researchers they gave the name Follina. As noted in Kaspersky Lab, the most unpleasant thing is that there is no fix yet, and in the meantime, the vulnerability is already being actively exploited by attackers. Vulnerability CVE-2022-30190 threatens all operating systems of the Windows family, both regular and server.

While the update is being developed, experts recommend that all Windows users and administrators take advantage of temporary workarounds. As a Microsoft workaround recommends disable the MSDT URL protocol.

The CVE-2022-30190 vulnerability itself is contained in the Microsoft Windows Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT), but due to the implementation of this tool, a single malicious office document is enough to exploit the vulnerability.

The scheme could be like this. Attackers create a malicious office document and slip it to the victim, for example by sending an email with an attachment. The infected file contains a link to an HTML file that contains JavaScript code that executes malicious code on the command line via MSDT. As a result, attackers are able to install programs, view, modify or destroy data, as well as create new accounts – that is, do everything that the privileges of the user who opened the infected file allow.

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