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1617168450 Arm v9 architecture introduced 1617168450 Arm v9 architecture introduced

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Arm v9 architecture introduced

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Arm has unveiled the Arm v9 architecture, which, according to the developer, is “a response to the global demand for ubiquitous, dedicated processing with enhanced security and artificial intelligence.”

“As we look to the future that will shape AI, we must lay the foundation for advanced computing that is ready to tackle the unique challenges ahead,” said Simon Segars, CEO, Arm. – Armv9 is the answer. It will be at the forefront of the next 300 billion Arm-based chips driven by the demand for ubiquitous dedicated, secure and powerful processing based on economics, design freedom, and the availability of universal computing. ”

According to the company, the number of Arm-based chips in the world continues to grow, with more than 100 billion units shipped over the past five years. At the current rate, 100% of the world’s shared data will soon be processed on Arm, either at the endpoint, data networks, or in the cloud. Armv9’s new capabilities are said to accelerate the transition from universal computing to more specialized computing across all applications as AI, Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G gain traction globally.

The Arm Confidential Computing Architecture (CCA) is designed to keep data secure. Confidential Computing protects portions of code and data from being accessed or modified during use, even from privileged software, by performing computations in a secure hardware environment. At the heart of the Arm CCA concept are dynamically created Realms used by all applications in a region that is separate from both safe and insecure worlds.

The acceleration of AI algorithms is based on the Scalable Vector Extension (SVE) technology co-developed with Fujitsu, which is at the heart of Fugaku, the world’s fastest supercomputer. Armv9 includes the second generation of this technology, SVE2, which should provide advanced machine learning and digital signal processing capabilities for a wide range of applications.

In terms of performance, Armv9 is expected to increase performance by over 30% in the next two generations of mobile and infrastructure processors.

1617168449 323 Arm v9 architecture introduced

Moreover, the additional gain should be provided by the Arm Total Compute design methodology, based on “targeted optimization of hardware and software at the system level.” By applying Total Compute design principles, Arm expects to improve the performance of IP cores for automotive, consumer electronics, infrastructure and IoT solutions. In addition, Arm is developing several technologies to increase the frequency, bandwidth, and cache size, as well as reduce memory latency, to further improve the performance of Armv9-based processors.

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US and European physicists have created an efficient plant for the production of oxygen on Mars

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US and European physicists have created an efficient plant for

European and American physicists have developed a plasma facility that allows extracting oxygen from carbon dioxide molecules present in the Martian atmosphere. This was reported by the press service of the American Physical Institute.

US and European physicists have created an efficient plant for the production of oxygen on Mars

We assumed that the collision of high-energy electrons with CO molecules2 will lead to the decomposition of this substance or to the release of heat. This energy can also be used to break down carbon dioxide. Together with colleagues from France and the Netherlands, we were able to experimentally confirm these hypotheses.”, – said associate professor of the University of Lisbon (Portugal) Vasco Guerra.

In the past six years, at the suggestion of Elon Musk, scientists have begun to seriously think about how humanity can begin the process of colonizing Mars and other potentially habitable planets. To do this, as the researchers now suggest, two problems need to be solved: to learn how to produce energy, as well as oxygen, water and food, using local resources.

As Guerra and his colleagues note, oxygen production will be one of the most important and energy-intensive tasks that the first colonists on Mars will face. To solve it, scientists are developing systems that can extract oxygen from the Martian air and soil. One such facility, MOXIE, was installed aboard the Perseverance rover and successfully tested on Mars in April last year.

MOXIE absorbs carbon dioxide, heats it up to 800 degrees Celsius and passes it through a special ceramic material that breaks down CO2 to oxygen (O2) and carbon monoxide (CO). European physicists and their American colleagues have developed an alternative approach that markedly outperforms the MOXIE system in terms of compactness and oxygen production efficiency.

The installation created by scientists relies in its work on the fact that CO molecules2 become much less stable if they are placed inside a rarefied plasma, the electrons inside of which have a much higher energy than ions and neutral molecules. In theory, this allows the splitting of CO2 to carbon monoxide and oxygen if CO molecules2 will often encounter electron beams with well-defined properties.

Guided by this idea, Guerra and his colleagues conducted a series of experiments during which they studied the interactions of oxygen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide inside an inhomogeneous plasma. These experiments helped scientists to choose such operating parameters, in which oxygen almost did not combine with carbon monoxide and did not form new CO molecules.2.

As the researchers note, the production of oxygen using plasma does not require heating the Martian air to temperatures exceeding 30-40 degrees Celsius, as well as high pressure. In the future, this will significantly reduce the cost of energy and resources for the production of oxygen on Mars, the physicists summed up.

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The newest navigation satellite Glonass-K2 will be launched at the end of the year. It will last 10 years and provide a navigation accuracy of less than 30 cm.

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The newest navigation satellite Glonass K2 will be launched at the

The fourth-generation navigation device Glonass-K2 will be launched at the end of the year. This was announced by the first deputy director general of Roscosmos for the development of the orbital constellation and promising projects, Alexander Ivanov.

The newest navigation satellite Glonass-K2 will be launched at the end of the year.  It will last 10 years and provide a navigation accuracy of less than 30 cm.

“If we take the orbital constellation, the well-known constellation of the GLONASS system. The fourth-generation device Glonass-K2 is already being prepared for launch at the end of this year, Ivanov said at the Army-2022 forum.

The Information Satellite Systems named after M.F. Reshetnev reported that there are five Glonass-K satellites at different stages of production in the workshops of the enterprise. Unlike its predecessors, Glonass-K have an extended service life of up to 10 years and improved performance. In addition to the basic navigation functions, they are also capable of transmitting signals from the international COSPAS-SARSAT system for search and rescue of those in distress around the world. In October last year, Sergey Karutin, general designer of the GLONASS system, said that Glonass-K2 would provide navigation accuracy of less than 30 cm.

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“There are a lot of technical problems that we are slowly coping with.” Evgeny Kaspersky spoke about a branded secure smartphone, which does not yet have a camera and performance problems

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There are a lot of technical problems that we are

On the sidelines of the Army-2022 forum, Kaspersky Lab CEO Evgeny Kaspersky announced that the company is finalizing the functionality of its hack-proof mobile phone to work with critical infrastructure.

“There are a lot of technical problems that we are slowly coping with.”  Evgeny Kaspersky spoke about a branded secure smartphone, which does not yet have a camera and performance problems

We wrote everything from scratch, so we still need to finish it. Camera does not work. We do, but it takes time. Plus performance – there is still work to make it work at the same speed that we are used to. There are a lot of technical problems that we are slowly coping with. When we show it and say it’s ready, I don’t know“Kaspersky said.

According to him, the device will be something between a regular smartphone and a push-button phone. “However, we do not consider it as a replacement for a regular smartphone. Still, this is more for working with critical infrastructure. … Modernity requires that infrastructure can be managed remotely. Therefore, a device is required that will be guaranteed unhackable. Therefore, we are making a device that will have a fairly limited functionality. There will be no App Store, there will be no chips that everyone loves on smartphones, but it will be a thing that can be safely controlled by a conditional turbine“Kaspersky added.

For the first time, Kaspersky announced work on creating smartphones under its own brand with protection against hackers in December 2020, then it was assumed that they would appear in 2021.

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