Malwarebytes criticized Apple for delaying critical patches for macOS.
Security solutions manufacturer Malwarebytes criticized Apple for its inconsistent patching process and said its irresponsible behavior has already had dire consequences.
In a blog post at Malwarebytes, Mac and Mobile Security Chief Thomas Reed recalled a malware campaign in Hong Kong in which hackers attacked visitors to pro-democracy sites through vulnerabilities in macOS.
The attacks used a combination of two vulnerabilities in macOS – remote code execution in WebKit (CVE-2021-1789) and privilege escalation in XNU (CVE-2021-30869). The Trojan infecting computers has been in use since 2019, but is hardly detected by security solutions, Reed said.
Both vulnerabilities were fixed in macOS Big Sur 11.2, released on February 1, 2021. Big Sur was the last major macOS release at the time. For macOS Catalina and Mojave users, however, this was not the case.
In Catalina 10.15 and Mojave 10.14, the CVE-2021-1789 vulnerability was only fixed if users updated the Safari browser to version 14.0.3. However, the CVE-2021-30869 vulnerability remained unpatched in Catalina until September 23rd.
“This same vulnerability was apparently present in Catalina and remained unpatched for seven months after Apple released a patch for Big Sur, and more than five months after the details were disclosed on Zer0con. This allowed attackers to attack Catalina and Safari 13 users without being detected, ”Reed said.
According to the specialist, it is not clear why the fix for CVE-2021-30869 was not mentioned at all in the accompanying documentation for the February 1 release, but was added to the very end only after the release of the fix for Catalina.
Reed said the late Catalina patching “makes it very clear” that “you can only rely on Apple to patch the most recent version of macOS, which is currently macOS Monterey (12).”
“If you are using the old system, you do so at your own risk,” Reid said.
Vulnerability found in the Apple M1 processor that cannot be closed programmatically
Specialists from the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said that they were able to develop a PACMAN attack technique, which is possible due to a hardware vulnerability in the Apple M1 processor. Moreover, it cannot be closed by software.
The attack itself is carried out using software and hardware, and it can be performed remotely. The PACMAN attack makes it possible to gain access to the kernel of the operating system. At the same time, potentially the same vulnerabilities can be in Qualcomm and Samsung processors, but this has not yet been confirmed.
The technical side of the attack is based on the Pointer Authentication function. It is used to check Pointer Authentication Codes (PACs), allowing only code-signed software to run. However, the PACMAN method allows you to select the necessary PAC values. In part, this technique is similar to Specter and Meltdown in Intel processors.
At the same time, Apple spokesman Scott Radcliffe said that the vulnerability does not pose an immediate threat to users and is not sufficient in itself to bypass operating system protections.
A few years ago, a vulnerability was already found in Arm processors that allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access to data.
So much for Unisoc. Companies have discovered a vulnerability in single-chip systems
Unisoc is actively capturing the market for single-chip systems, although it does so exclusively in the budget segment itself. However, it turned out that these platforms have a critical vulnerability.
According to the source, the problem is in the modem’s firmware and affects both 4G and 5G platforms. The vulnerability, numbered CVE-2022-20210, was discovered while scanning Non-Access Stratum (NAS) message handlers. This vulnerability could be used to neutralize or block the device’s cellular capabilities.
The vulnerability was first discovered in the Motorola Moto G20 smartphone based on the Unisoc T700 SoC. But in the end it turned out that the same vulnerability occurs in other platforms, however, the source did not provide a list.
The Check Point specialists who discovered the vulnerability notified Unisoc back in May, and the company has already released a fix, so smartphone owners should not worry now if they update the software of their devices.
New vulnerability in Microsoft Office is heavily exploited by hackers
A serious vulnerability has been found in the Microsoft Office suite that could potentially allow attackers to execute arbitrary code.
She was assigned the number CVE-2022-30190, and among the researchers they gave the name Follina. As noted in Kaspersky Lab, the most unpleasant thing is that there is no fix yet, and in the meantime, the vulnerability is already being actively exploited by attackers. Vulnerability CVE-2022-30190 threatens all operating systems of the Windows family, both regular and server.
While the update is being developed, experts recommend that all Windows users and administrators take advantage of temporary workarounds. As a Microsoft workaround recommends disable the MSDT URL protocol.
The CVE-2022-30190 vulnerability itself is contained in the Microsoft Windows Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT), but due to the implementation of this tool, a single malicious office document is enough to exploit the vulnerability.
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